E12: The Death of Jesus Within Apocalyptic Thought, part 2


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In this week’s episode we discuss the language that the apostles used to describe the effects of the crucifixion of the Messiah. Terms like justification, redemption, propitiation, and reconciliation were understood within the context of first-century Jewish apocalyptic thought, rather than in contrast to it or disconnected from it. Passages like 2 Cor. 5 and Romans 5 illustrate clearly that Paul had the day of judgment and the resurrection of the dead in mind when he was theologizing about the cross.

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The Apocalyptic Gospel Podcast explores the Gospel that Jesus’ earliest disciples heard and what the last several decades of historical studies have clarified about this first-century Jewish message.

Recent Posts

  • E12: The Death of Jesus Within Apocalyptic Thought, part 2


    Download this episode

    In this week’s episode we discuss the language that the apostles used to describe the effects of the crucifixion of the Messiah. Terms like justification, redemption, propitiation, and reconciliation were understood within the context of first-century Jewish apocalyptic thought, rather than in contrast to it or disconnected from it. Passages like 2 Cor. 5 and Romans 5 illustrate clearly that Paul had the day of judgment and the resurrection of the dead in mind when he was theologizing about the cross.

  • E11: The Death of Jesus Within Apocalyptic Thought, part 1


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    The apostles understood the cross within a first century Jewish apocalyptic worldview. As seen in 1 Cor. 15:3, the interpretation of the Messiah’s death was handed down by the apostles and revolved around Isaiah 53 and the Levitical sacrificial tradition. Thus Paul’s gospel centered on Jesus Christ, “who gave himself for our sins to deliver us from the present evil age” (Gal. 1:4).

  • E10: Acts 2, Part 3: Psalm 16 and Psalm 110


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    In this episode, we talk through Peter’s use of Scripture in Acts 2. Rather than redefining or realizing Psalm 16 and Psalm 110, Peter employs an apocalyptic hermeneutic (i.e. approach to interpretation), which simply seeks to understand the Torah, Writings, and Prophets in light of their ultimate end. The Messiah was crucified, but God raised him up and seated him at his right hand, where he waits to execute the eschatological judgment of God’s enemies.

  • E9: Acts 2, Part 2: Peter, Pentecost, and Joel 2


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    In this episode, we dive into the beginning of Peter’s explanation of the events of Acts 2. Rather than a redefinition of the ‘last days’, Peter affirms that their expectations were in accordance with the apocalyptic tradition. God promised, expressed in the citation of Joel 2, to pour out his Spirit before the coming Day of God and that all who repent will be saved from the wrath to come.

  • E8: Acts 2, Part 1: The Gift of the Spirit and the Hope of Israel


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    Common ideas in the church today associate Acts 2 and the giving of the Spirit as “the birth of the church” or a break from legalistic Judaism, but the apostles viewed the events of the day of Pentecost as a strong affirmation of Jewish apocalyptic expectations.  In this episode, we begin to look at Acts 2 and what it meant for the early followers of the Messiah. 

  • E7: Acts 1 and the Restoration of the Kingdom to Israel


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    In this episode, we discuss the Jewish apocalyptic context of Acts 1:1-11. Instead of correcting the apostles’ expectations concerning the restoration of the kingdom to Israel, Jesus simply corrects the timing. The witness to the nations in verse 8 is understood within the presupposed Jewish apocalyptic narrative. God is the one driving history, and God is the one who has fixed the day of its conclusion. 

  • Q&A #1 with Bill, John, and Josh


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    Bill, John, and Josh tackle your questions in this first of many Q&A episodes.  Topics include Acts 15, how Calvinism and Arminianism relate to Jewish apocalypticism, understanding “all Israel will be saved” from Romans 11, and tips on practical day-to-day discipleship.

  • E6: Paul’s Gospel and Jewish Election


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    In this episode, we discuss the issue of Jewish election in Paul’s thought. Continuing in his letter to the Romans, we look at a few passages that relate to Jewish priority and God’s enduring covenant with the Jewish people and how that relates to the discipleship of the Gentiles.

  • E5: An Introduction to Paul’s Gospel


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    Romans 1:1-6 provides a unique glimpse into how Paul understood his own mission to the Gentiles. As discussed in last week’s episode on the Great Commission (Matt. 28:18-20), Paul understood his calling within the commonly presupposed Jewish apocalyptic narrative of redemptive history. Jesus’ resurrection confirmed his Davidic messiahship, and Paul sought to disciple the Gentiles into “the obedience of faith” (v. 5).

  • E4: The Apocalyptic Context of the Great Commission


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    In this episode, we discuss the Jewish apocalyptic context of the Great Commission (Matt. 28:18-20). Messianic authority in Jewish literature is tied to divine judgment on the day of the Lord, and Jesus assumes the two-age framework of redemptive history in verse 20. In this light the discipleship of the Gentiles is into (rather than out of) the Jewish apocalyptic hope.